Options In Finance

option finance definition

Investors’ ultimate goal is to increase gains while reducing the risks involved. Options in finance are one-way stockholders can lessen portfolio risk & increase their profits. In this piece, we introduce you to options and ways you can gain from them.

What Are Options In Finance?

An option is a contractual agreement between dual parties that provides a purchaser (stockholder) the right to purchase or vend a primary capital. The contractual agreement holds for an agreed price within a specified period.

The stockholder can purchase or vend the asset to the other party (writer) at the agreed price before expiration. An option purchaser can decide to exercise this right or decline (no obligation), with regards to how current circumstances compare to expected circumstances. 

The contract specifies a predetermined worth & an expiry date. Financial options is a pragmatic approach for stockholders to make gains, dodge risks, & speculate the directions of the marketplace.

Options in finance may be envisioned as spinoffs. This means they generate value via other primary assets like stocks & currencies. Three factors determine the finance option value:

  • Primary asset price: There’s a direct correlation amongst the worth of the asset & options.
  • The Expiry Date: The longer the expiry dates, the higher an option’s value, vice versa.
  • Marketplace volatility: There is a direct correlation between marketplace volatility & the value of the option.

Different Types Of Options

Puts and calls are two types of finance options.


A put is an option where a holder has a right to trade a particular asset. Let us assume Mr. Greg bought 500 shares of Amazon today at $1807. After a period, he expects a fall in share price of Amazon to $1400. Mr. Gregory can buy a put option which allows him to trade his shares in Amazon for $1900 within one year.

Consequently, irrespective of Amazon’s current marketplace price, the writer must buy his 500 shares at $1,900. We assume again that in 6 months, Amazon’s marketplace price stands at 1,500 dollars. Mr. Gregory can exercise his put option & sell for 1800 dollars even if current market price is lesser by 16.7%.


A call is a finance option that avails the stakeholder the right to procure a particular asset at a preset price. In continuing the previous illustration, we now assume that Mr. Gregory expects Amazon’s shares to increase to 2100 dollars in a year. He can procure a call option that avails him an opportunity for purchasing Amazon stocks for 1850 dollars within a year.

Irrespective of the instantaneous market price, the writer must vend shares to Mr. Greg at 1850 dollar price per share. Let’s assume that after 6 months, Amazon’s marketplace price is 2150 dollars. Mr. Greg can exercise his call option and buy for 1850 dollars even though the current market price is now 16.2% greater.

Options Trading

This involves purchasing and vending of puts and calls in an options market. You can trade options via brokerage firms that offer options trading as part of their services.

How do you trade options? You can trade options either by vending puts and calls or by purchasing puts & calls in option financial markets.

Some typical terms in options trading

  •         Premium: The premium is the price a stockholder pays for buying an option. It is the cost of an option transaction borne by the buyer. It is listed according to unit-share.
  •     Strike Price: That price that the holder can buy or sell the asset when (if) he decides to exercise his option.
  •       Out of the money: It occurs when the strike price of a call exceeds the share price. It could occur when the strike price of put is below share price
  •       In the money: It could occur when the strike price of a call is below the share price. It also occurs when the strike price a put is above the share price.
  •     Expired Options: This condition arises when a stockholder opts against exercising his option given the agreed period.

Options May Boost Your Portfolio

Options in finance are superb ways to increase revenue, dodge risks, and apply control in your investments. If executed with good expertise in the dynamics of the marketplace, it can lessen portfolio risk and bolster your returns.

Options trading means the buying & vending of puts and calls among a holder (buyer) & a writer (seller).

Binary Options are a part of a class of options called exotic options. With a binary option, a stockholder “stakes” on the likelihood of the option being “in the money” or “out of the money” at the expiry date. The investor receives a payout if his forecast is accurate. Otherwise, he loses the full investiture.

Earning profits from binary options involves a good grasp of market dynamics. Predicting the movement of a share’s price is more than guessing. Earning involves being in the know, since because of the “in the money” or “out of the money” division.

Financial Options are contracts that give a stakeholder (the buyer) a right to buy or sell an asset at a preset price given a ratified tenor irrespective of instantaneous market conditions.

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